Probate courts existed in the Northwest Territory prior to Ohio’s statehood. They had authority in probate, testamentary, and guardianship cases, although the probate judge and two common pleas judges issued all final judgments. In 1802 Ohio’s first constitution abolished separate probate courts and transferred their authority to the common pleas courts. Separate probate courts reappeared in 1851, when Ohio drafted a new constitution. This gave the probate court the powers to grant marriage licenses and control land sales by appointed executors, administrators, and guardians. In 1969, the probate court became a division of the court of common pleas.
The probate court has original jurisdiction in the settlement of estates. The court held limited jurisdiction in minor criminal offenses from 1851 to 1932. The probate judge maintained a permanent record of births and deaths from 1867 to 1908. Since the 1850s, the court has had jurisdiction over the appointment of guardians for minors and individuals with mental health disorders. The probate court exercised jurisdiction in naturalization proceedings in the last half of the nineteenth century until 1906, when the federal government assumed this power. The probate judge serves a six-year term and must be a licensed attorney who has practiced law for at least six years prior to election.
Found in 757 Collections and/or Records:
Arranged chronologically by filing of journal entry recording and approving the bond of the estate's executor or administrator. Also records the execution of orders of the court in such matters as the sale or transfer of real property belonging to an estate.
Contains Administrators, Executors, Guardian, and Adoptions from pages 1 thru 363. (1867 to 1884); Pages 364 thru 420 contain a Guardian Docket (1814 to 1859); Pages 421 to 422 contain an adoption docket (1870 to 1880).
Arranged chronologically. Contains in one location the prinicipals in the action, case number, and attorneys, citing the date, volume, and page of the journal, and complete record where entries in the case may be found.
Includes child's name, gender, date of birth, and ethnicity; Mother's name including maiden name; Father's name; volume and page that full record can be found.
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Scope and Contents
Arranged chronologically. Contains child's full name, date of birth, place of birth, gender, race, parents and their residence.
The Ohio Revised Code 3705.10 defines a delayed birth registration as being any birth certificate submitted eleven or more days after the birth occurred. Contains person's full name, date of birth, place of birth, gener, race, parents and their residence.